Find drone rules/laws for flying in various countries here:
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Note: Leave us a comment below if you have information regarding drone flight rules/laws for a country, or if your country is not on the list, and we will add your information to the list. The rules listed here, are summaries of the most important national rules, and there will most likely be more detailed rules and requirements to be found in the national regulations of each country. Wherever possible we have listed links to the national regulations for further details.
The list will be continually updated as we receive more comments.
PLEASE ADD THE RULES OF YOUR COUNTRY IN THE COMMENTS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE, if it is incomplete or incorrect.
Antigua and Barbuda
Unless approval has been obtained beforehand, model aircraft should only be flown:
(a) when the weather is suitable;
(b) clear of the movement areas or runways of an aerodrome;
(c) below 400ft above ground level unless:
(i) clear of controlled airspace, and
(ii)further than 3 nautical miles (5.5 km) from any aerodrome:
(d) within sight of the operator at all times;
(e) well clear of populous areas;
(f) at least 30m clear of persons, beaches, vessels, vehicles or structures. This can be reduced for persons behind the direction of take off. Other model operators and any assistants or officials may be within this distance; as may vessels, vehicles or structures under their control.
Commercial flying only allowed with an unmanned operator’s certificate issued by the Civil Aviation Safety Authority (CASA).
Regulations: CASR Part 101
Maximum height: 150m
Maximum distance: 500m
Always fly line-of-sight
Do not fly over populated areas
Flying with a camera is only allowed, if the camera is used for the purpose of flying
Any commercial use has to have a license issued by Austro Control
For Belgium, at the moment there is only a proposed law that is not yet leagalised.
The proposal for hobby states that you’re only allowed to fly your drone able be your back yard at a maximum height of 10 meters.
The drone can have a max weight of 1kg.
This means that any drones except the toy drones are pretty much banned.
The law has been delayed due to the European Commission.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaBrazil
As of now commercial use of drones within the Brazil is not allowed.
The ANAC is working on to build a brazilian legislation which will allow a legal certification. Maybe we will see a first rules at ending 2014. From now (ANAC & MD) allow only:
a) After request maybe allow only a experimental flights. (not for commercial purposes)
b) Should be done in distant places far from populated areas.
c) Flights BVR (FPV only) is forbidden.
d) The operation of model aircraft is forbidden near Airports and Military Instalations.
e) Drones risk being confiscated by customs agents on border checks.
Summary of requirements for commercial operation of UAV’s between 2,1 – 25 kg without SFOC (Special Flight Operator Certificate):
– Be 18 years old
– Have at least $100,000 liability insurance
– Max. altitude 90m
– Not allowed to fly over crowds
– Fly in line of sight
– Only fly in daylight
– Stay at least 150m away from people, buildings and vehicles not involved in the operation
5 Nautical Miles (9.26 km) distance to airports, forest fires, or built-up areas
Recreational flying can be done without insurance – must keep 30 m distance to building, people, cars etc.
Regulations: CA Standards
For drones below 7kg
Max. altitude 120m
Not allowed to fly between sunset/sunrise
150m distance to larger roads
150 distance to urban areas (including parks/beaches/recreational areas within an urban area)
200m distance to accidents/royal palaces
5km distance to airports
8km distance to military airports
Commercial flying allowed without license
License required to fly: in urban areas/night flying/closer to airports (2km – 40m altitude)
Regulations: BL 9-4 and AIC B 8/14
– No License or Certificate required provided the drone is less then 20kg and only flown for re-creation or as a hobby.
– Fiji does not have an organisation certification for the RPAS operaions but rule development is in progress.
– Max altitude up to 65meters (200ft) provided you are in uncontrolled airspace and not with in 5km of any airport.
– You should not fly over people or 30-50meters within populated areas over streets and buildings.
– Night flying not allowed
– Fly within line of sight of 500meters
– You need to have a valid RPAS operator license (issued by approved CASA operators)
– You need to have authorization from the Local Aviation and Airports Authority.
– You need to file NOTAM 24hours prior to RPAS operations.
**any person bringing RPAS (phantom, inspire) has to declare with the Customs at the port of entry (airport) and purpose of getting the RPAS into the country for safety reasons.
Recreational rules – subject to change in 2016
1. Do not fly over people
Fly carefully without endangering persons and nearby vehicles. Do not overfly them and maintain a minimum distance for safety. Avoid flying near any gathering of people.
2. Always fly your drone below an altitude of 500 feet (150m)
Always respect the maximum flying altitude to avoid any risk of collision between your drone and an aircraft and to maintain control. In any case, do not begin a flight or interrupt an ongoing flight, if an aircraft is nearby.
3. Never lose visual contact with your drone
Keep your drone within a distance that ensures easy visibility to the naked eye, and at all times keep it in your field of view. Immersion Flights (FPV) using vision goggles are only possible when a second person keeps the drone in his field of vision and is able at any time to easily to take control of the drone.
4. Do not fly your drone over public spaces in urban areas to limit the risk in case of loss of control. Under any circumstances, do not fly your drone over roads.
5. Do not fly my drone near airfields
Do not fly near any airfield that accommodates airplanes, helicopters, gliders,
ULM, etc. The minimum distance restriction is about 5 km, and can reachs 15 km for major airfields.
(i.e. with runways longer than 1200 m).
6. Do not fly over strategic sites
Flying over some strategic sites and their surrounding area is banned. This is the case, for example, for nuclear power plants,
military installations, historic monuments, or nature reserves and national parks. Always obtain information on the location of such sites before undertaking a flight nearby.
7. Do not fly at night – French regulations prohibit the use of drones at night, even if they are equipped with lights.
8. Respect the privacy of others
The people in your flight path must be informed , especially if your drone
is equipped with a camera or other sensor capable of recording personal data. You must inform those present, answer their questions and respect their right to privacy. Do not record any images allowing recognition of individuals (faces, license plates …) without their permission.
9. Do not distribute any images, commercially or not, without the consent of the persons concerned
Any image distribution must be subject to authorization by the persons concerned or the owner for a private space (home, garden, etc.) and must comply with current legislation (notably the French law of 6 January 1978 « Informatique et Libertés »).
Any use of drones for the acquisition of images for commercial or professional exploitation is subject to specific requirements and requires the possession of permits issued by the French Aviation Administration.
For more information on this subject: http://www.developpementdurable.gouv.fr/Effectuer-des… (french only)
Visit the website of the French Aviation Administration for more information. User federations and the National Data Protection Commission are also sources of useful information.
Modèles réduits et drone de loisir
Usage d’un drone de loisir
If UAV is below 5kg there are not many rules, apart from:
– Do not fly over crowds
– Do not fly within 1.5km of airports.
– Always fly line of sight
– Max. altitude 100m
For commercial use:
– Permission from the government required (costs between 0-200€ and is valid for 1 or 2 years)
– Baden-Württemberg only: you need to get a single permission for every flight within cities.
Rules as pr. 12.05.2015:
Drones are not allowed to be operated in the following areas:
- Areas that entirely prohibits aviation activities of any kind (“Prohibited Areas”);
- Areas that are fully designated for government aviation activities only, which may be opened for civil aviation activities from time to time (“Restricted Areas”);
- Zones in airports that are off-limits in order to ensure flight safety;
- Controlled airspace, which is where air traffic control services are provided, in addition to flight information services and alerting services; and
- Above 150 meters of uncontrolled airspace, which is where air traffic control services are not deemed necessary or cannot be provided (only air traffic advisory services are provided, in addition to flight information services and alerting services). Drone missions for government purposes can be exempted from this prohibition with a license from the DGAT.
Note that drones that are equipped with a camera are prohibited from operating within 500 meters of the borders of Prohibited Areas and Restricted Areas. In other words, such drones are required to keep a distance of at least 500 meters from Prohibited Areas and Restricted Areas.
Each drone operation must first secure a license from the DGAT. In order to do so, an application containing the following must be submitted to the DGAT by the drone operator:
- Drone operator’s name and contact details;
- Technical specifications of the drone itself and its ground control system;
- Purposes and objectives of the operation;
- Emergency procedures, covering communication failure between the drone operator and air traffic control, and communication failure between the drone and its ground control system (pilot);
- Insurance documents (which implies that all drone operations must be insured);
- Remote control operation details; and
- Competencies and experience of the drone’s pilot.
In addition to the above details, the application must also attach the drone operation’s flight plan, which must at least cover the following matters:
- Identification information of the drone;
- Type of operation (test drive, patrol, survey and mapping, photography, agriculture operation, expedition, or otherwise);
- Any onboard equipment of the drone;
- Estimated cruising speed and level, and operation time;
- Flight route;
- Drone’s take-off and landing point;
- Alternative take-off and landing points
- Battery or fuel consumption rate; and
- Operation’s target and maneuver area.
This application must be submitted 14 days prior to the drone operation date. If the DGAT approves the application and issues a license for the drone operator, the operator must immediately coordinate with the aviation navigation services unit at Airnav Indonesia (Perum Lembaga Penyelenggara Pelayanan Navigasi Penerbangan Indonesia).
If there are changes to the flight plan, or the operator intends to cancel the drone operation, the operator, the operator must notify the DGAT and also the aviation navigation services unit at Airnav Indonesia.
It is important to note that operations of drones equipped with farming tools for pesticide spraying or seed sowing will only be granted with a license if there is no residential area within 500 meters of the operation area, which is to be detailed in the flight plan. Furthermore, other than this license from the DGAT, another separate permit from the local government is also required for drone operations that will take photos or videos, or for mapping purposes.
There is an exception to this DGAT licensing requirement as long as the drone stays within Class G airspace (uncontrolled airspace) and does not exceed an altitude of 500 ft (150 meters).
(1) Aircraft subject to this order shall be required to be registered in a manner established by the Authority (IAA).
(2) A person who has charge of the operation of a small unmanned aircraft shall not permit that aircraft to be operated:
(a) so as to cause a hazard to another aircraft; or
(b) in the vicinity of aircraft manoeuvring in an aerodrome traffic circuit;
or (c) in a negligent or reckless manner so as to endanger life or cause damage to the property of others.
(3) Small unmanned aircraft shall give way to manned aircraft.
(4) The authority may define areas within Air Traffic Services airspace, where
small unmanned aircraft activity may take place without permission from the
(5) A person who has charge of the operation of a small unmanned aircraft which has a mass of less than 25 kilograms, without fuel but including any articles or equipment installed in or attached to the aircraft and including cargo at the commencement of its flight shall not allow such an aircraft to be flown, unless otherwise permitted by the Authority and subject to such conditions as are required by such permission:
(a) within a prohibited area, a restricted area, or controlled airspace;
(b) in Air Traffic Services airspace, other than controlled airspace, within 5km of an aerodrome during periods of aircraft operations, unless the aerodrome operator has given permission;
(c) at a distance of less than 30 metres from a person, vessel, vehicle or structure not under the direct control of the operator;
(d) at a distance of less than 120 metres from an assembly of 12 or more persons not under the direct control of the operator;
(e) beyond direct unaided visual line of sight and not farther than 300 metres from the point of operation;
(f) at a height of more than 120 metres above the ground or water;
(g) permitting or attempting to permit, any article or animal, whether or not attached to a parachute to be released from that aircraft.
(6) A person who has charge of the operation of a small unmanned aircraft shall not permit such aircraft to be operated from any place unless the aircraft may take-off and land without undue hazard to persons or property and nothing in this order shall affect the rights and interests of the owner or occupier of that place.
(7) A person who has charge of the operation of a small unmanned aircraft, which has a mass of 4 kilograms or more and less than 25 kilograms, without fuel but including any articles or equipment installed in or attached to the aircraft and including cargo at the commencement of its flight, or as otherwise directed by the Authority, shall not allow such an aircraft to be flown unless
that person has successfully undertaken a course of safety training accepted by the Authority.
(8) A person who has charge of the operation of a small unmanned aircraft which has a mass of 25 kilograms, or more and less than 150 kilograms, without fuel but including any articles or equipment installed in or attached to the aircraft and including cargo at the commencement of its flight, shall not allow such an aircraft to be flown without the permission of the Authority and subject to
such conditions as are required by such permission.
(9) Permissions issued in accordance with this order may take the form of Specific Operating Permission.
– 150m distance to congested areas
– 50m distance to persons and property not under the pilots control
– No night flying
– Only fly in controlled airspace
– Keep distance of 8km to airports
Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority (JCAA) informs that commercial operators must apply for special aerial work permit each time the UAV is flown. The application must be in writing and applicant should provide details of the flight.
– not flown higher than 122 m (400 feet) AGL
– range flown must not exceed 500 m (1640 feet)
– not flown over or within 152 m (500 feet) of an organized open-air assembly of people
– not flown over or within 50 m (165 feet) of any person
– should not be flown over private or public property or dwelling with permission
– not be flown at night or in low visibility weather
– not be flown with the intention of dropping items
– all accidents or incidents with a UAV must be reported to the agency
Any person who intends to operate a UAV is required to follow the operational conditions listed below, unless approved by the Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism:
– Flying near airports, in urban areas or at higher altitude requires permission from the above Minister
– Only fly in daylight
– Only fly in line-of-sight
– Do not fly over event sites or crowded areas
– Do not transport hazardous materials
– Do not drop any objects from UAV’s.
– The rules do not apply to Search and Rescue flights
More info Civil Aviation Bureau
For drones below 25kg
Max. altitude 120m
Not allowed to fly between sunset/sunrise
At all times take all practicable steps to minimize hazards to persons, property and other aircraft (ie don’t do anything hazardous)
4km distance to aerodrome (unless certain conditions are met)
Consent from anyone you want to fly above
Consent of the property owner or person in charge of the area you are wanting to fly above.
All aerial photography or filming requires a permit from the National Security Authority (NSM)
This applies to both commercial and recreational use.
FPV allowed with spotter and LOS.
Flying over people requires permission from all. You are not allowed to fly over larger crowds.
Commercial use requires two permits
1) Aerial Photography permission from the National Security Authority
2) RPAS license from the norwegian CAA. You must make a comprehensive manual of how you operate to obtain a license.
More info http://www.luftfartstilsynet.no/selvbetjening/allmennfly/RPAS-FAQ/
AIC – N 14/13
Ensure that the aircraft is safe for flight before flying
Only fly in good visibility
Keep line of sight
Keep a sufficient distance from people, property and other aircraft
Do not fly a drone over 7kg
Do not fly over any crowd of people
Do not suspend or carry anything unless it’s manufactured to hold the item
Do not drop or discharge anything from the drone
Do not fly in restricted, prohibited or danger areas
Do not fly within 5km of any airport
Do not fly higher than 200 feet
In Singapore you can obtain three kind of permits:
(1) Operator Permit
An Operator Permit is granted by CAAS to an applicant if the applicant is able to ensure safe operation of unmanned aircraft, taking into account the applicant’s organisational set-up, competency of the personnel especially those flying the unmanned aircraft, procedures to manage safety including the conduct of safety risk assessments, and the airworthiness of each of the aircraft. The permit is valid for up to one year.
(2) Activity Permit
An Activity Permit is granted by CAAS to an applicant for a single activity or a block of repeated activities to be carried out by an unmanned aircraft at a specific area of operation, and which are of specific operational profiles and conditions.
(3) Other Permits
Other permits are required from various agencies for certain aspects of the unmanned aircraft operation that come under their purview, such as Singapore Police Force (SPF) for aerial photography and/or overflight of security-sensitive locations, or Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) for the use of radio frequencies.
Regulations: Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore
(a) The RPAS may only be used for an individual’s personal and private purposes where there is no commercial outcome, interest or gain;
(b) The pilot must observe all statutory requirements relating to liability, privacy and any other laws enforceable by any other authorities.
DO NOT, through act or omission, endanger the safety of another aircraft or person therein or any person or property through negligent flying/operation of Remotely Piloted Aircraft, or toy aircraft.
Do not fly/operate Remotely Piloted Aircraft, or toy aircraft 50 m or closer from:
– Any person or group of persons (like sportsfield, road races, schools, social events etc.)
– Any property without permission from the property owner.
Unless approved by the SACAA:
DO NOT fly/operate Remotely Piloted Aircraft or toy aircraft:
– Near manned aircraft
– 10 km or closer to an aerodrome (airport, helipad, airfield)
– Weighing more than 7 kg
– In controlled airspace
– In restricted airspace
– In prohibited airspace.
– Do not fly/operate Remotely Piloted Aircraft, or toy aircraft higher than 150 ft from the ground, unless approved by the Director of Civil Aviation of the SACAA.
For all other use:
(a) an RPA must be registered and may only be operated in terms of Part 101 of the South African Civil Aviation Regulations.
Find more info here: Safedrone.co.za <http://www.safedrone.co.za/hobby-drone-pilots>
Legal requirements for commercial flying can be found here <http://www.safedrone.co.za/legal-requirements>.
1. To fly for commercial purpose, you have to have a registered license.
2. Recreational flying of drones (below 12kg) is allowed.
General regulations for both commercial and recreational flying:
1. Flying altitude must be under 150m
2. Night time flying is prohibited.
3. Flying over the crowd of people is prohibited.
4. Flying should be in line-of-sight.
5. Facilities related with national security, nuclear plants or military activity are no-fly-zones.
6. There are no-fly-zones and limited-fly-zones designated by authorities besides DJI NFZ.
(1) No-fly-zone: you should get permission from Ministry of National Defense or related autorities to fly in this area.
(2) Limited-fly-zone: you should get permission from Ministry of National Defense or related autorities to take a shoot in this area. (Just flying without taking photos is allowed without permission in this area)
You can get NFZ/LFZ area information from http://www.wowdro.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=airport
– Must be Certified by AESA Spanish Aerial Security Agency, as a drone company for commercials .
– You need to have a pilot licence,
– insurance on your drone,
– paper about your activity signed and certified by the Public Agency AESA.
– Max. 120 m altitude
– Max 500 mts distance
– Do not fly over urban areas, beaches, public parks, celebrations, concerts at open aereas or crowds of people.
– Do not fly at night
– Do not fly in controlled airspace
– Stay 15 km away from closed airports
NON-residents flying commercially:
– Submit form (Appendix A.1, art. 50.3 “Prior Communication and Responsible statement” found in link below
– provide proof that you are a qualified UAV pilot (passed “European Air Safety Agency” course or similar or a pilots license
– submit liability insurance
– documentation just be send by post min. 5 days before flight
– Only fly LOS and follow rules above
– require permission from landowners and local junta
A safe distance from people, animals and property at least 50 m shall be established which does not belong to the flight (Applies 1B. At 1A, the area must be “sufficiently large so that nobody gets hurt”).
Maintain Line-of-Sight throughout the flight.
Flight in controlled airspace, traffic information zone (TIZ) and traffic information area (TIA) may only be carried out with the permission of and under the conditions provided by air traffic management for the current airspace.
For the dissemination of aerial photos , and similar records from aircraft over Swedish territory requires authorization from the Armed Forces (6 § of the Act ( 1993: 1742) on the protection of landscape information. Authorisation shall be granted if the spread can take place without the likely harm to the Swedish total defense.
Category 1A: Unmanned aircraft with a maximum take off weight of less than or equal to 1.5 kg, which develops a maximum kinetic energy of 150 J and is flown only within sight of the pilot.
Category 1B: Unmanned aircraft with a maximum takeoff weight of more than 1.5 kg but less than or equal to 7 kg, which develops a maximum kinetic energy exceeding 1000 J, and operated exclusively within view of the pilot.
Where you may or may not fly drones in Sweden:
UkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUK
You cannot fly closer than 50m of any person, building, structure, vessel or vechicle unless they in under the direct control of the pilot. This can be reduced to 30 meters for take-off and landing.
Where there is an open air assembly of 1000 people or more you cannot fly within 150m of that assembly.
You cannot fly futher than 500m away whilst maintainng direct un-aided visual sight of the aircraft at all times. To clarify, the aircraft cannot just be a dot in the sky, the pilot must be able to see which way the aircraft is facing and travelling.
Not to fly above 400ft (121m) AGL if the aircraft is 7KG or more. There is no height restriction under 7KG but you must adhere to the previous rule for line of sight. Therefore the larger the aircraft the higher you can go, but we highly do not recommend it.
When the aircracft is 3.5KG or less and flying FPV you cannot exceed 1000ft (304m). You must also have a spotter next to you who can clearly see the aircraft as per the above rules on your behalf so they can directly communicate with you.
Recommendations, not LAW:
Recommended not to fly above 400ft regardless of the weight category of your sUAS.
Recommended not to fly at night unless a daytime inspection has been carried out on the same day for hazards.
Link: Notes from CAA regarding UAV’s – Download PDF here.
– Fly below 400 feet and remain clear of surrounding obstacles
– Keep the aircraft within visual line of sight at all times
– Remain well clear of and do not interfere with manned aircraft operations
– Don’t fly within 5 miles of an airport unless you contact the airport and control tower before flying
– Don’t fly near people or stadiums
– Don’t fly an aircraft that weighs more than 55 lbs
– Don’t be careless or reckless with your unmanned aircraft – you could be fined for endangering people or other aircraft.
Individuals who fly within the scope of these parameters do not require permission to operate their UAS; any flight outside these parameters (including any non-hobby, non-recreational operation) requires FAA authorization.
For example, using a UAS to take photos for your personal use is recreational; using the same device to take photographs or videos for compensation or sale to another individual would be considered a non-recreational operation.
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Disclaimer: Droneownersnetwork.com can not be held responsible for the rules listed here. Please remember it is always the responsibility of the drone operator to make sure the rules and regulations are followed.